This book provides a history and overview of psychology, starting with its roots in classical philosophy, surveying the various subsequent theories and approaches, and summarizing modern psychology as a diverse array of disciplines. Succeeding chapters deal with: Research methods; neurology, biology and behavior; sensation and perception; motivation and emotion; conditioning and learning; language and cognition; states of consciousness; developmental psychology; intelligence; and more. Helpful study questions are presented at the end of each chapter.
What is happiness? Why are some people happier than others? This new edition of The Psychology of Happiness provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of research into the nature of happiness. Major research developments have occurred since publication of the first edition in 1987 – here they are brought together for the first time, often with surprising conclusions. Drawing on research from the disciplines of sociology, physiology and economics as well as psychology, Michael Argyle explores the nature of positive and negative emotions, and the psychological and cognitive processes involved in their generation. Accessible and wide-ranging coverage is provided on key issues such as: th...
In this volume David Brodzinsky, who has conducted one of the nation's largest studies of adopted children, and Marshall Schechter, a noted child psychiatrist who has been involved with adoption related issues for over forty years, have brought together a group of leading researchers from various disciplines to explore the complex interdisciplinary subject of adoption. While recent empirical work has shown that adopted children are more vulnerable to a host of psychological and school-related problems compared to their nonadopted peers, and that the rate of referral of adopted children to mental-health facilities is far above what would be expected given their representation in the general population, our understanding of the basis for these problems remains unclear. In this book, theoretical, empirical, clinical, and social policy issues offer new insights into the problems facing parents of adopted children, and especially the children themselves. A comprehensive study, The Psychology of Adoption will be of interest to child psychiatrists, developmental and clinical psychologists, social workers, social service providers, and adoptive parents.
Ellen Pastorino and Susann Doyle-Portillo are dedicated, award-winning psychology professors with an infectious enthusiasm for teaching psychology. Praised in previous editions for fostering students’ curiosity, WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY? Third Edition, extends the authors’ successful and engaging approach to teaching the introductory psychology course. Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo have found that when students are curious they are motivated to explore and truly learn how psychological concepts are connected. This text unlocks students’ curiosity by capturing their interest and motivating them to make connections between memorable personal stories, applications to their own lives, and psychological concepts that they will use and retain in and out of the classroom. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
One of the central problems in nutrition is the difficulty of getting people to change their dietary behaviours so as to bring about an improvement in health. What is required is a clearer understanding of the motivations of consumers, barriers to changing diets and how we might have an impact upon dietary behaviour. This book brings together theory, research and applications from psychology and behavioural sciences applied to dietary behaviour. The authors are all international leaders in their respective fields and together give an overview of the current understanding of consumer food choice.
The differences between individual and collective representations have occupied social scientists since Durkheim, and the social psychological theory of social representations has been one of the most influential theories in twentieth-century social science. The Psychology of the Social brings together leading scholars from social representations, discourse analysis and related approaches to provide an integrated overview of contemporary psychology's understanding of the social. Each chapter comprises a study of a topical issue, such as social memory, the language of racism, intelligence or representations of the self in different cultures; the theory of social representations is both exemplified and linked to central concerns of psychological research, including attribution, memory, and culture; and important links with developmental and educational psychology are made.
Renowned for its exuberant writing style, intriguing real life examples and cutting-edge research, this best-selling text is back with additional coverage of social psychology, emphasis on the practical applications of the discipline to students' lives, and engaging new 'psychomythology' features which pit science against commonly held beliefs.
This clear and lively introduction to psychology assumes no prior knowledge of the subject. Extensively revised and updated, this third edition describes psychology as it is taught at universitues. Examples are used throughout to illustrate fundamental ideas, with a self-assessment quiz focusing readers' minds on a number of intriguing psychological problems. The differences betwen psychology, psychiatry and psychoanalysis are explained, and the professions and careers associated with psychology are explored. Suggestions for further reading and useful internet sites are included.
Gender, an important concept in psychology, is brought into sharp focus in the 1984 Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, which presents important new findings in eight papers, four dealing with sex differences and four with gender as a variable.ø The papers on sex differences with Ann Anastasi's "Reciprocal Relations between Cognitive and Affective Development?with Implications for Sex Differences," in which the author relates aptitudes aboutøthe sex appropriateness of behaviors to attitudes and task performance. The effects of prenatal sex hormones on gender identity and gender-roleøbehavior are the subject of the next paper, "Gender Differences: A Biosocial Perspective" by Anke A. Ehrhardt...